Hagia Sophia, which was transformed into a mosque after the conquest of Istanbul in 1543, was founded in 1985 by UNESCO. It is one of the most valuable historical symbols of Istanbul, included in the World Heritage List.
The Hagia Sophia, which has the title of being the oldest cathedral in the world with its history of approximately one thousand five hundred years, is a At the heart of the historical peninsula, with Topkapı Palace next to it, the Blue Mosque on the other, it welcomes those who come to see him from one side. Recently removed from museum status reopened Hagia Sophia, Muslim and non-Muslim, free to visit in opened state
Emperor Constantine during the period when Istanbul was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire When it was built by 337-361 for the first time, it is called the Great Church. Current III of the building. The reason why it is also known as Hagia Sophia is because it was built three times in the same place. is due. The first building was built during the popular uprising in 404 during the reign of Emperor Arkadios. will be destroyed by burning. Emperor II, who had the throne in 408-450. Second by Theodosius It is done once. This is II. It is Hagia Sophia and it was burned and destroyed by the Istanis during the Nika Uprising.
Hagia Sophia Cathedral was rebuilt for the third time between 532-537. Emperor Justinian I, Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the world's most the great cathedral, Hagia Sophia, to the old city center to the same place that was built twice before and disappeared. has it built. Hagia Sofia, which means Holy Wisdom / Holy Wisdom, is named after Hagia Sophia. It is known that it took during the period. .
This third and final construction of the Hagia Sophia Church was in an impossible short time like five years, With its glamorous splendor and flair, it becomes the subject of many rumors and legends. And after this date Hagia Sophia, the holy place where kings were crowned and ascended to the throne for nearly a thousand years in all its glory, It loses its old value in the last periods of Byzantium. It is rumored that Fatih Sultan Mehmet He finds it abandoned, miserable, and orders it to be cleaned up immediately.
In 1453, with the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque and Fatih performs his first Friday prayers here. The story of Hagia Sophia, which has been a mosque since that day, has been We can say that it has continued to be on the agenda.
The construction of the Ottoman palace next to it places Hagia Sophia in the center of the world. All The eyes of the world are in Topkapı Palace and the palace's connection with Hagia Sophia has always been very strong. You can read in many history books that Fatih had a special sensitivity to Hagia Sophia, It was transformed into a mosque in a way that does not harm the original, many mosaics are could stay. After Fatih, his grandchildren maintain the same sensitivity towards Hagia Sophia. Sultan Süleyman brings lamps to Hagia Sophia from the cities he conquered. II. Selim, in danger of collapse He assigned Mimar Sinan to strengthen Hagia Sophia. What Mimar Sinan did with his great intelligence Thanks to the intervention, Hagia Sophia will not be shaken again, it will not face the danger of destruction and it will come to this day.
An indisputable reality that it is one of the wonders of the world if not one of them.
the madrasah, library, imaret and public fountains added around this fascinating beauty.
The transformed time served as the science hub of its time. Later dynasty members
tombs are built around Hagia Sophia.
Due to the restoration initiated by the order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk after the proclamation of the Republic Hagia Sophia Mosque is closed to worship. With the restoration, the mosaics that were covered before It is brought to the surface and Hagia Sophia, Islam and Christianity are together, As a unique museum, it opens in February 1935.
The first domed basilica in the history of architecture, Hagia Sophia, physicist and mathematician Anthemios and geometry and
It is a marvel of science, aesthetics and architecture, built by architect Isidoros, a master of mathematics.
Hagia Sophia, where the basilica plan and the central plan are used together, is a touchstone in architecture.
Interior architecture using very special marbles brought from different parts of the world, the splendor of the workmanship, Mosaics made using gold and silver, Hagia Sophia with its dome representing the center of the universe, continues to be the world's favorite with its architecture.
Hagia Sophia; It is in Sultanahmet Square, in the Fatih district of Istanbul.
Since Hagia Sophia was removed from the museum status and opened to worship as a mosque, the museum working hour
is not subject to application. It is open to visit and worship 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Hagia Sophia, like all other mosques, is open to the public, local and foreign tourists free of charge.